#98: COUNTERPOINT: MUSIC AND ARCHITECTURE, PART 2

March 29, 2019

Me playing my 1957 Lindeman piano (photo by Grant Bozigian)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe famously proclaimed, “Music is liquid architecture; architecture is frozen music.” Thelonious Monk asserted, “Writing about music is like dancing about architecture.”

What is it about these two artistic mediums, music and architecture, that has philosophers, writers and fans so spellbound? Rather than get into the metaphysics, psychological, or ideological, I offer instead seven thoughts for seven minutes. (Part 1 here.)

1. Rhythm

upper middle: Chelsea building, New York, New York (photo from creativemarket.com); upper right: House for Elderly, Alcacerdo Sal, Portugal (photo from pbworks.com); lower middle: World Trade Center Oculus, New York, New York (photo by Hufton + Crow); lower right: National Museum of Roman Art, Merrida, Spain (photo from James Gordon)

Without even being able to read music, you can sense its rhythm. Visually, the graphic nature of a music score conveys pace and movement. In both music and architecture, rhythm is more than visual. It is experienced physically and spatially as tones and harmonies enter your ears, or as you move through repeating arches, sensing the underlying pulse of architecture.

2. Ornamentation

lower left: The Silk Exchange Building, New York, New York (photo from mountainsoftravelphotos.com); lower right: Aqua Tower, Chicago, Illinois (photo from architectmagazine.com)

Musicians will understand these symbols of embellishments. Over some of the notes written by the composer, he has added one of these well-known symbols that says, “Go ahead: Add a few more notes to make it sound really cool!” Take for example the corner of a building. The architect has also added a few more notes. And whether the final result is Classical or Modern, it is certainly cool.

3. Color

left: Chungha Building, Seoul, South Korea (photo by Kyungsub Shin)

Color is an obvious attribute of architecture. For non-musicians, the idea of color in music is unknown. Composers and performers alike understand that the key of the music is like color in the visual arts.

upper left: Getty Center, Los Angeles, California (photo by Daniel McCarthy); upper right: Nanyang Primary School, Singapore (photo from livinspaces.net); lower left: Chalcot Crescent, Paddington, England (photo from etsy.com); lower right: Ski Chalet, Donner Summit, California (photo by Bruce Damonte)

In music, key is an assembly of pitches that becomes the framework of the piece. There are 12 major and 12 minor keys, and each one has very different experience. Similarly, a house painted in beige has a very different personality when painted in purple.

4. Gravity

Buddhist Temple under construction, Natural Bridge, Virginia, by Poon Design (photo by Christine Fang)

As with color, gravity is obvious in architecture. It is a rule that we cannot alter. Gravity is omnipresent doing its job keeping buildings grounded to the earth. Working with our structural engineers, architects make sure that gravity doesn’t win—that the roof we put over your head will not collapse.

But what is gravity in music? Answer: meter. Akin to gravity, the meter is the structure underlying every note that is played. Whether the typical pop song of four beats per measure, or a waltz of three beats per measure, once decided, the meter does not typically change.

5. Volume

upper right: Jennings Residence in Palm Springs, California (photo from palmspringslife.com); lower right: Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Museum (photo by Royal Ontario Museum)

These musical annotations instruct the performer how soft or loud to play the music, also called the dynamics or volume. Architecture too has dynamics. From Minimal to Avant Garde, buildings can be mute or they can yell.

6. Score

lower left: The Broad, Los Angeles, California (photo from happeningindtla.com); lower right: Church converted to a house, Old Westbury, New York (photo by Douglas Elliman)

The music score are the notes of the music. After mastering these notes, the performer brings her own interpretation to the score. In architecture, a building is like a score. With a museum, the architecture is the framework, the score, for the museum’s curator to add the interpretation. And with each new event, the result is different, as with each musician playing Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata. In the church above, that architectural score has been re-read as a home.

7. Audience

top: Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, California (photo from theatreprojects.com); bottom: Cintas Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, by Anthony Poon w/ NBBJ (photo source unknown)

Lastly, does music exist if there isn’t a listener? Is a structure called architecture if the building isn’t created for someone’s purpose? Both music and architecture require an audience.

There is size and scale to the audiences. Like the design of a basketball arena, there is the large audience listening to a symphony. Like the design of a quiet bedroom, there is the intimate audience of one or two listening to a guitarist in his studio.

left: Guitar (photo from thefrisky.com); right: Horizon Residence, Palm Springs, California, by Poon Design and Interior Illusions (photo by Lance Gerber)

Though only seven thoughts in seven minutes, my discussion on the two topics will continue into the future, as it has in the past over and over again . Suffice it to say, without music and architecture, there is no existence, no culture, no progress, no civilization.

© Poon Design Inc.